What is IAM (Identity and access management)?

Identity management, also known as identity and access management, is a framework of policies and technologies for ensuring that the proper people in an enterprise have the appropriate access to the right technology resources, based on their roles and privileges in the organization.
Why do we need identity and access management?

The whole reason organizations use identity and access management is for cybersecurity. IAM promotes cybersecurity by being a gatekeeper. When an employee is logging in to a system, IAM is figuring out the identity of the person trying to login and the privileges each identity is able to access. This means that only authorized people will have access to IT resources, applications, computers, or hardware keeping those who don’t out.

What are the benefits of using IAM?

Identity and access management boasts many different benefits to an organization. The first, and probably the most obvious, is enhanced security. By being able to monitor and control user access, this shuts down a lot of unqualified privileges. It also helps cut down on data breaches by protecting login credentials.
Another huge positive is employee experience, when using IAM in single sign on (SSO). Single sign on, cuts down on the amount of times employees must enter their password into different systems. With the use of an mfa device on top of SSO, this may cut down on passwords altogether. This path with IAM will also encourage integrations of different applications or tools within a company and make it easier to add new employees into the different systems.
Identity and access management actually, also allows the ability for contractors or outside vendors to access an application needed for a certain assignment. IAM grants them access to just that specific tool without sharing everything else in the ecosystem with them.

How can you implement IAM in the Enterprise?

SSO, Single Sign On

This method gives a user access to everything just by signing in and verifying themselves one time. They’re then given access to everything.

RBAC, Role Based Access

This method restricts access based on the role of the user. Based on a users role they only have access to relevant applications pertaining to their job.

MFA, Multi Factor Authentication

This method uses MFA whenever it is required for a user to reauthenticate. This can be used with something the user has like an OTP or a hardware security key.

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